Equipment Lubrication
Seminar Outline
1. INTRODUCTION
2. LUBRICANTS History of Lubricants and Tribology
Refining
Seven Function of Lubricants
Oil Properities
Oil Additives
Oil Classification
Synthetic Fluids
Types and properties
Applications
Compatibility
Greases
Types and structure
3. LUBRICATION Friction and Tribology
Principles of lubrication
Friction types
Coefficient of friction
Wear regimes
Film thickness and additives
Energy and environmental considerations
Loss of Usefulness
Solid contamination
Liquid contamination
Cleanliness and lube life
Failure cycle
Lubricant Performance Test
4. OIL MAINTENANCE Oil and Grease Application
Grease guns
Centralised system
Automatic greaser
Bath lubrication
Oil mist
Controling Contamination
Effects of contaminants
Causes of wear
Effects on bearings
Silt
Contamination and engines
Relative life vs. Cleanliness
Examples of contamination control success stories
Preventing Contamination Ingression
Upon receipt from supplier (new oil cleanliness)
Handling Containers
Handling Oil identification
Storage room requirements
Storage time
Storage cabinet requirements
Leakage Control
Origin
Relative importance of leaks
Effect on seals
Types of seals
Examples of control
Filtration
Filter Types
Mechanical filter, ion exchange filtration, magnetic,
electrostatic and dissecant for moisture filtration
Filter class
Beta Factor
Filter specifications
ISO 4406 Cleanliness code
Oil recycling, disposal and safety
Filter carts for contamination control
Oil Reclamation
5. APPLICATIONS Plain Bearings
Advantages, Disadvantages
Lubricant choices and application
Rolling element bearings
Choice, mounting, geometry
Friction and heat
Lubrication type
Greassing
Gears
Types, Lubrication
Performance additive
Classification and recommandations
Viscosity choice
Gear maintenance
Chains and Sprockets
Application and lubricant
Couplings
Application and lubricant (gear coupling)
Hydraulic
Operating principles
Hydrostatic, hydrodynamic
Advantages
Hydraulic system elements
Sumps, pumps, valves, motors, coolers, accumulators
Hydraulic fluids caracteristics
Nomenclature
Viscosity choice guide
Trouble shouting
Compressors
Types and requirements
Oil types and recommendations
Compressors for refrigeration
Refrigerants vs. Oil
Turbines
Types and requirements
Lubricants
Oxidation stability
E H C Systems
Internal Combustion Engines
Complex mechanical system
API and ILSAC systems
EGR, ACERT
Soot
Wear factor and effects
Filters
Standard tests for engines
6. LUBRICANT ANALYSIS
Information Provided by Lubricant Analysis
Oil analysis applications
The oil analysis cycle
Represantative Sampling
Objectives do's and don'ts
Sampling accessories
Sampling methods and concepts
Components to be sampled
Sample identification
Visual screening
Intervals
CBM P-F Interval
Scheduled sampling
Guide to oil analysis
Sample frequency and tests
Tests Selection
Tests and Results
Physical / Chemical Properties
Viscosity
Acid number (AN) / Base number (BN)
Water
Glycol
Fuel
Infra Red Spectrometry
Fuel soot
Oxidation
Additive depletion
Current developments
Wear / Contaminant Particles
Metal spectroscopy
Particle count
Filter patch
Ferrography / Ferrous debris
General Considerations and Fudamentals
Contamination types present
Degradation mechanisms
By application and component type
Implementing an Effective Oil Analysis Report
Review reports
Integrate results with existing CMMS systems
Take Corrective action
Confirm corretive action
Provide feedback
Periodic program review
Generate management summary reports
Involve your OEM and lubricant suppliers in your program
7. A FEW CASE STUDIES
8. MAXIMIZING LUBRICATION
Procurement and Performence Standards for Lubricants
Selecting an oil vendor
Performance and quality
Service and support
Product line
Packaging and transport
Lubricants consolidation
Lubricant standards and specifications
On-Site Lube Audit
Lubrification practices
Equipment survey
Equipment criticality
Current lube management practices report card
Lube survey deliverables
Training
On-site Seminars
Managing a Lubrification Management Program
Leader
Shared need
Clear vision
Steps to Lubrication Maintenance Excellence